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How to Prevent & Treat Monsoon Diseases (Part 3) :Hepatitis A – A type of Jaundice

In previous Tips,

we had discussed about

2 Monsoon Diseases caused by

 contaminated Water& food




Today we will discuss third disease under the series that is

Hepatitis A also known as Jaundice .


Hepatitis means-

Inflammation or enlargement of your liver.

There are many causes of Hepatitis:





-Other infection and

-Physical damage


Today we discuss Hepatitis cause due to Virus.

Viruses that primarily attack you liver are called hepatitis virus.

There are various type of viruses –

Type A, B, C, D, E, and possibly G

Type A, B and C are most common

Today we will discuss HEPATITIS -A.


Like Typhoid and Cholera, Hepatitis -A spread though faeco oral route.

Faeces and urine from the patient and carrier

contaminate water and soil.

It also spread through flies and finger of the carrier and patient.

They contaminate foods that is raw or cooked

and when you have such food, You get infected with Hepatitis.


Initial symptoms are—

  1. Fatigue
  2. Joint pain
  3. Abdominal pain
  4. Fever
  5. Vomiting
  6. Lack of appetite
  7. Liver enlargement

Late symptoms are—

  1. Jaundice that is yellow discoloration of skin and sclera
  2. Dark urine
  3. Pale stool.


High risk:

Highest attack rate is among children that is

age group between 5—14 years



No specific treatment exists for Hepatitis -A.

your body will clear Hepatitis-A virus on its own.

In most cases of Hepatitis- A,

your liver heals within six months with no lasting damage.

However, this does not mean that you don’t need to consult your Doctor.

Your Doctor will get your regular blood test done, to make sure that your liver is healing properly.

If anything goes wrong with your liver, you need to tackle it immediately

with the help of your doctor.

Your doctor will also help you coping with your signs and symptoms of Hepatitis-A


What can you do from your side-

  • Get plenty of rest especially in the initial stage of infection

as you feel very tired .

Your perception of immunity or fatigue or malaise is the best determinant for your rest.

  • Reduce your itching by maintaining cool and well ventilated environment.

Wear lose cloths and avoid hot bath or shower.

  • Eat smaller and lighter meals.

As you generally suffer from loss of appetite.

So the main concern is ensuring that you get adequate nutrition and  avoid permanent liver damage.

Have cooked food as far as possible and,

  • Avoid Alcohol, As drinking alcohol may put additional change on your liver ,so avoid it.



  • Wash your hand before every meals
  • Have boiled water
  • Avoid restaurant with poor hygiene
  • Wash fruits and vegetables before use
  • Keep your surrounding clean.

So, actually speaking,

Monsoon Diseases are in fact,

Diseases caused by lack of hygiene.




 Providing simple solutions

for complexities of life:

Dr Bhumita Makwana

Your Dietitian & Cosmetic Clinician

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